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अक्सर सरकार से हमे अपना कोई उत्तर नहीं मिलता जिस कारण हम अपने ugc exam, ssc, government exam सब और pension, scholarship, complaints case का समय पर उत्तर नहीं मिलता और कंप्लेंट स्टेटस आदि का |
लेकिन अगर यहाँ से कोई जवाब नहीं मिलता है, तो लोग अक्सर चुपचाप बैठते हैं कि कुछ नहीं होगा।
लेकिन अगर आप पहले RTI, FIRST APPEAL और फिर शिकायत केंद्रीय सूचना आयोग में अपील करते हैं, तो कौन आपकी जानकारी देगा |
पेंशन, छात्रवृत्ति और आपके अधिकारों का उल्लंघन किया है, अब समस्याओं का सामना करना कर रहे है?
तो आप इससे उन समस्याओ से निजात पा सकेंगे ये कोर्स करने के बाद
अब उन की बारी है समस्या सहने की । ऐसा नहीं है कि आप असहाय है
इस वर्ग में, आप आर.टी.आई [सूचना का अधिकार] से अपनी जानकारी लेंगे, यदि वे जानकारी नहीं देते हैं, तो उन्हें 25000 रुपये का जुर्माना लगेगा।
इन सबसे और सब जानकारी से और आपके पास मौजूद सभी एविडेंस जोकि होने चाहिए कागज़ी तब समस्याओं की जानकारी देने के लिए अधिकारी बाधित होंगे और आप इस से डरेंगे, कि वे आपकी जानकारी में देरी करेंगे या जवाब नहीं देंगे
तो अधिकारियों को भुगतान करना पड़ेगा केवल उनकी वजह से हुयी परेशानी की वजह से | इस अपीलकर्ता अपनी भरपाई कष्ट की समय पर कर पाए जोकि ये सभी समस्याएं हुईं जिनके लिए वे सभी अधिकारी जिम्मेदार हैं।
यदि आप भी आर.टी.आई चाहते हैं, तो आप कार्यकर्ता की सरकारी नौकरी करना चाहते हैं तो कैसे करें? इसके प्रति आपको क्लॉस के वीडियो के दौरान भी मिलेगा सभी जानकारिया आपके मतलब की |
ताकि आपको आपकी जानकारी, नौकरी पाने का अवसर, और यदि आपकी किसी परीक्षा का परिणाम नहीं मिल रहा है, तो छात्रवृत्ति में देरी हो रही है, यह आपको समय देगा अधिकारी उत्तर ताकि आपका कार्य ना खराब हो और समस्या फालतू की ना सहन करनी पड़े और आपका ये सब अधिकार है जिससे आप आज तक वंचित थे ।
- Question 1. What Is Rti?
RTI stands for Right to Information. Right to Information is a part of fundamental rights under Article 19(1) of the Constitution. Article 19 (1) says that every citizen has freedom of speech and expression. As early as in 1976, the Supreme Court said in the case of Raj Narain vs State of UP that people cannot speak or express themselves unless they know. Therefore, right to information is embedded in article 19. In the same case, Supreme Court further said that India is a democracy. People are the masters. Therefore, the masters have a right to know how the governments, meant to serve them, are functioning. Further, every citizen pays taxes. Even a beggar on the street pays tax (in the form of sales tax, excise duty etc) when he buys a piece of soap from the market. The citizens therefore, have a right to know how their money was being spent. These three principals were laid down by the Supreme Court while saying that RTI is a part of our fundamental rights.
- Question 2. If Rti Is A Fundamental Right, Then Why Do We Need An Act To Give Us This Right?
This is because if you went to any Government Department and told the officer there, “RTI is my fundamental right, and that I am the master of this country. Therefore, please show me all your files”, he would not do that. In all probability, he would throw you out of his room. Therefore, we need machinery or a process through which we can exercise this fundamental right. Right to Information Act 2005, which became effective on 13thOctober 2005, provides that machinery. Therefore, Right to Information Act does not give us any new right. It simply lays down the process on how to apply for information, where to apply, how much fees etc.
Question 3. When Did Rti Act Come Into Force?
The Central Right to Information Act came into force on the 12th October, 2005. However, before that 9 state Governments had passed state Acts. These were J & K, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Assam & Goa.
Question 4. What Rights Are Available Under Rti Act 2005?
- Right to Information Act 2005 empowers every citizen to.
- Ask any questions from the Government or seek any information.
- Take copies of any government documents.
- Inspect any government documents.
- Inspect any Government works.
- Take samples of materials of any Government work.
Question 5. Who Is Covered Under Rti?
The Central RTI Act extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. All bodies, which are constituted under the Constitution or under any law or under any Government notification or all bodies, including NGOs, which are owned, controlled or substantially financed by the Government are covered.
- Question 6. What Is “substantially Financed”?
This is neither defined under RTI Act nor under any other Act. So, this issue will evolve with time, maybe through some court orders etc.
- Question 7. Are Private Bodies Covered Under The Rti Act?
All private bodies, which are owned, controlled or substantially financed by the Government, are directly covered. Others are indirectly covered. That is, if a government department can access information from any private body under any other Act, the same can be accessed by the citizen under the RTI Act through that government department.
- Question 8. Isn’t Official Secrets Act 1923 An Obstacle To The Implementation Of Rti Act?
No. Sec 22 of the RTI Act 2005 clearly says that RTI Act would over ride all existing Acts including Officials Secrets Act.
- Question 9. Can The Pio Refuse To Give Me Information?
A PIO can refuse information on 11 subjects that are listed in section 8 of the RTI Act. These include information received in confidence from foreign governments, information prejudicial to security, strategic, scientific or economic interests of the country, breach of privilege of legislators, etc. There is a list of 18 agencies given in second schedule of the Act to which RTI Act does not apply. However, they also have to give information if it relates to matters pertaining to allegations of corruption or human rights violations.
- Question 10. Does The Act Provide For Partial Disclosure?
Yes. Under Section 10 of the RTI Act, access may be provided to that part of the record which does not contain information which is exempt from disclosure under this Act.
- Question 11. Can Access Be Denied To File Notings?
No. File notings are an integral part of the government file and are subject to disclosure under the Act. This has been clarified by the Central Information Commission in one of its orders on 31st Jan 2006.
Fundamental difference between RTI Request and RTI Appeal.
RTI Request is filing application for the first time. Request is made by the citizen to one person (i.e. PIO) to provide information. This means that it involves only the citizen and PIO.
RTI Appeal is appeal before senior officer against decision of PIO. This means that here, a third person (i.e. Appellate Authority) comes between the citizen and the PIO.
Appeal is only filed when the citizen is not satisfied with the reply of PIO or PIO rejects citizen’s request for information.
This means RTI request is application process while RTI appeal is appellate procedure against decision on RTI application.